The new version of Ubuntu Server was released, we’re ready to install the Ubuntu Server 18.04. Released with codename ‘Bionic Beaver’ and will be supported until April 2023. Most importantly, it comes with plenty of new feature improvements, software updates, and bug fixes.
Ubuntu 18.04 changes and new features:
- Network configuration using ‘netplan’
- Default Kernel 4.15
- Default OpenJDK 10
- Updated python 3.6 and python 2 is no longer installed by default
- PHP packages updated to 7.2
- Nginx packages updated to 1.14
- Cloud-init updated to 18.2
- Included the latest OpenStack release ‘Queens’
Further, to see more detail changes on Ubuntu 18.04, click on the release notes link below.
This tutorial will show you step by step install Ubuntu Server 18.04 Bionic Beaver using VirtualBox. If you want to install on the Physical server, the steps are not big different. As a result, you can still use this guide, and you just need a media bootable such as CD/DVD or USB drives.
Step 1 – Download ISO Image
First of all, we need to download the latest version of Ubuntu 18.04.1 server from the URL below.
Step 2 – Create New Virtual Machine
For this case, we want to install the ubuntu 18.04 server on the VirtualBox. However, if you want to install on the live physical server machine, just burn to your CD/DVD or create the USB bootable with your USB drive.
￼Open your VirtualBox, create a new virtual machine type ‘Linux’ with ’64-Bit’ architecture.
Leave all as default and decide the disk size that you want to use.
Now just mount the Ubuntu server ISO image, boot from it and start the virtual machine.
Step 3 – Boot and Install the Ubuntu 18.04 Server
Once the virtual machine is running, you will get the first installation wizard.
Choose the language that you’re preferred or just choose ‘English’.
Now select your keyboard layout or leave it default.
On the next screen, you will get three options ubuntu installation. Choose the ‘Install Ubuntu’.
For the network configuration, leave it as default ‘DHCP’, so the VM automatically get an IP address from the VirtualBox. We can configure it later or on the next post for manual configuration.
Now you will get the proxy configuration. This is not very often, so just leave it blank and continue.
And for the Ubuntu Archive mirror, leave it as default too. Because we can change the mirror archive repository later after the installation.
Now you need to choose the disk for the installation. However, you can choose the manual disk installation, or use the entire disk for ubuntu installation. And above all, Ubuntu has a support the LVM disk partition.
The easiest way is just choosing the entire disk for installation. But if you want to configure the disk partition with yourself, you can choose the ‘Manual’ option.
Choose your disk for the installation.
Check the partition table and continue to format the disk for the installation.
After that, you need to configure the server name, user, and password. Type the server name and the user with your own. And most importantly, you need to choose a strong password for your user.
For the snaps packages installation, just leave it blank and continue.
And the Ubuntu installation will begin.
When it’s complete, ‘Reboot’ the system.
Finally, the Ubuntu Server 18.04 Bionic Beaver has been installed.
Step 4 – Testing and Update
Now you can log in to the server using your username and password.
In addition, update all available repositories and upgrade all software packages.
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade